Mammals

 

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Capuchin Monkey
Ring tail Lemur
Brown Lemur
Marmoset
Golden Tamarin
Cotton Tops
Genet
Cavy
Guinea Pig
African Crested Porcupine
Coatimundi
Kinkajou
Serval
Mongoose
African Hedgehog
Rats!
Degu
House Mouse
Chinchilla
Ferret
Sugar Gliders
Spiny Mice

 

Red Kangaroo

 

Range: Majority of Inland Australia

Habitat: Prefers semi arid grasslands

Natural Diet: Herbivore

Diet at RainForest: Prepared Kangaroo diet with fresh grazing available

Size: Up to 200 pounds, the male red is the largest of all kangaroo species and thus the largest living marsupial!

RainForest Facts:  The red kangaroo is not always red!

There are actually differences in the color of the animals based on the range of the wild populations.   In the eastern part of its range males are usually red (pale red to brick red) and females being a bluish grey. Elsewhere, both sexes may be reddish/brown.

 

 

 


 

African Crested Porcupine

Range: Northern Africa. 

Habitat: Found in varied habitats.  The Crested Porcupine will avoid dense rainforest but can be found in virtually all other types of habitats.  These animals have been observed up to 11,000 feet. 

Rain Forest Facts: This species is active at dusk and at night. They generally spend the day sleeping in self excavated burrows, rock cavities, under boulder heaps, or in river thickets with several exits. There are often well worn paths leading from these shelters to favorite feeding grounds.  When excited, the porcupines grunt.  If threatened, they stamp their hind feet and rattle the rattle-quills.  Occasional ground predators include leopards, lions, and hyenas, although the porcupine’s excellent defense is generally a deterrent.  When in danger, the porcupine erects the quills and spines and jumps backward to drive the points into the opponent.  If pursued, the animal may stop suddenly, causing the predator to run into the quills.  Porcupines do not shoot their quills, but the quills come out easily.

 

 

 


 

Kinkajou

Range: Tropical Central and South America

Natural Diet: Fruits and protein in the form of small invertebrates.

Diet at RainForest: Bananas, apples, protein (chicken) baby food.

Size: 4-8 pounds

RainForest Facts:  The tree dwelling kinkajou is an intriguing mammal.  Resembling a cross between a young bear and a monkey the kinkajou is rarely ever seen on the ground. 

 

 

 

 

 


 

African Serval

The Serval is a versatile hunter with a wide natural range in Africa.   Our newest arrival is a young female Serval named Nairobi.  Born in October of 2004 she is rapidly growing into a formidable hunter.  Young Servals spend as many as 26 weeks with their mothers prior to venturing off to establish their own hunting range.   A fast animal, the Serval, is known for hunting birds by leaping vertically as high as 6 feet in the air.  They do not however posses the land speed of their cousins the Cheetah.

 

 

 

Range: Africa, south of the Sahara

Habitat: Savannahs, Grasslands, and  human farming areas.

Natural Diet: Small mammals, birds, and reptiles.

Diet at Rain Forest: Chicken, prepared zoo feline diet, and rodents.

Rain Forest Facts: The Serval hunts primarily as a crepuscular animal. It moves quietly through the grass on its long legs, listening for its prey.  The large ears aid in giving the Serval acute hearing by which to detect prey in the dark. The Serval has 22 muscles in its ears alone! When prey is located, the Serval pounces on it killing it with a quick, hard blow. It is also very skilled at digging rodents out of their burrow, using its front paws. Servals are very secretive, solitary animals, rarely seen during the day.

An environmentally important animal, the Serval may kill as many as 3,000 rats per year.  This massive reduction in the local rodent population has very far reaching implications for the native people of the area.  Food grown for human consumption as well as domestic animal feed is far less likely to be destroyed in the field by rodents when Servals live in the area. 

Female Servals give birth to a small litter of 1-3 young. Two is generally the average.  There is no social interaction between the male Serval and the kittens. 

Size: Females 20-25 Pounds--Males 25-40 Pounds.

Status in Wild: Numbers are stable in parts of range. Servals are still hunted for their skins which are often sold as Cheetah pelts.  Educational programs are beginning to have a positive impact in certain parts of the Servals range.  Farmers are being taught the value of the Serval as a tool for controlling the rampant rodent population and the associated problems that the rodents bring.

The African Serval has the longest legs relative to it's body size of any cat on earth. 

 

High Resolution Pictures Available


Black & White Ruffed Lemurs

Madagascar is a truly amazing island nation literally trapped in time. Separated from the mainland Continent of Africa millions of years ago, and lying due east off the coast, Madagascar is home to endemic species found no where else on earth. An endemic species is a plant or animal that is found only on an island or other geographically created barrier such as the elevations of a mountain range.

The black & white ruffed lemur is an example of just such a creature. Home to more than a dozen species of lemurs, Madagascar boosts the privilege of being the only place on earth where lemurs can be found. The black & white lemur is the largest living species of true lemur. Attaining a length of over four feet from head to tip of tail, these giants of the lemurs are also one of the loudest. Male and female lemurs look the same and attain roughly the same size and weight; this is unusual in the primate world. Their voice can be used as an alarm call to warn each other of danger from predators or can be used to mark territory.

Range: Madagascar

Habitat: Forested regions

Natural Diet: Fruits & Vegetation

Diet at Rain Forest: Prepared Zoo Monkey Diet/Fresh Fruits

Rain Forest Facts: The black and white lemur is one of the only lemurs known to give birth to multiple babies.  The average size litter is 3, occasionally as many as 5 are born to a female.  Literally translated the word Lemur means "Ghost of the trees".

Size: 5-7 Pounds

Status in Wild: Endangered

 


Ring-tailed Lemur

One of the most amazing creatures on our planet, the ring-tail lemur, is capable of amazing leaps!!   RainForest Adventures is home to a pair of ring-tail lemurs, Zabu ,the male, was born in 2001, Sasha ,his mate, was born in 2002.  These creatures are losing their prime habitat in Madagascar to human encroachment.  The future of the Ring-tail in the wild is uncertain. 

Frequently seen traveling on the ground the Ring tail is one of the only species of Lemur to frequently leave the safety of the trees.

Range: Southern Madagascar, off the east coast of Africa

Natural Diet: Insects, fruits, & berries

Diet at Rain Forest: Prepared Zoo diet, fresh fruit

Keeper Notes: The ring-tail lemur is one of the most frequently seen lemurs in zoos around the world, it is estimated that there are now more lemurs in captivity than on the island of Madagascar.  All 49 lemurs are members of the Prosimians family.

The ring-tail lemur is the most terrestrial of all lemur species spending as much as 20% of it's time foraging on the ground for food items or quite literally just moving about.  Ringtail lemurs live in troops of varying number, usually around 20 individuals.

 Female Ringtail lemurs give birth to one baby at a time (occasionally twins).  The ringtail lemur troop is made up of dominant females and juvenile males. 

Size: 4-6 pounds

Status in Wild: Declining

High Resolution Pictures Available


Brown Lemur

One of the 49 species of Lemurs, the Brown is one of the less colorful of the group.  The only place on earth to find this beautiful animal is the island nation of Madagascar.  Living in the mid-level of the rainforest, the Brown lemur is one of the less vocal lemurs.   Generally living in small groups of 12 or less individuals, the Brown lemur generally mates in spring with a gestation of approximately 4.5 months. The Brown Lemur shares the current fate of  all lemur species on the island of Madagascar, loss of habitat, coupled with hunting by the local inhabitants of the island are putting unsustainable pressures on this beautiful and intelligent animal.   

Range: North east coast of Madagascar

Natural Diet: Fruits, nuts &  berries, occasional insects and small vertebrate.

Diet at Rain Forest: Prepared monkey chow with fresh fruits and vegetables.

Keepers Notes: The Brown Lemur is one of the most arboreal of all lemur species.  Spending upwards of 95% of their time in the tree tops the lemur travels as a group from tree to tree.

Mating season is June: birth season is September and October. One or two offspring are born. Usually one young born per year. Until 3 weeks of age the young spend time riding on Mom's back, then they will take their first steps. Nursing continues in a steady decline until the infant is approximately 5-6 months of age.

The lemurs belong to a family called Prosimians, literally translated this means "early monkeys".

Size: Male and female Lemurs weigh about 4-6 pounds each

Status in Wild: Endangered


Coatimundi

Coati-whaties??   Coatimundi, or coatis as they are often called, are unique creatures that are found in tropical Central (including much of Mexico) and South America, in fact the white nosed coatimundi actually extends the northern part of it's range into Southern Texas! 

Four recognized subspecies of coatimundi occur in the a wide range of habitats.

Displaying behavior somewhere between a raccoon and a monkey, the coati is an intelligent little creature who reaches about 8-10 pounds in weight. Living in troops of up to 20 individuals, these animals forage primarily during the early evening and early morning hours, making them crepuscular! 

Our three little coatimundi arrived from a zoo in central Texas, after being born during mid-August of 2004. A fourth female coatimundi was introduced to the group in late 2004.

One of the favorite items our Coati's love to eat is bananas, but they are quick to eat a cricket too!

A newly completed exhibit at Rainforest is now open and features these three amazingly cute hooligans! 

Range: The Coatimundi is found in tropical regions of South America, from Columbia and Venezuela to Uruguay, northern parts of Argentina, and into Ecuador. On the eastern and western slopes of the Andes Mountains.  They also occur as far north as they are found up to 2500 meters.

Habitat: Forests and open Grasslands near water. Ring-tailed coatis primarily live in forested areas; deciduous, evergreen, cloud forest, riverine gallery forest, xeric, Chaco, cerrado, and dry scrub forest habitats. Due to human influence, coatis prefer secondary forests and forest edges. They are found up to 5,000 feet in elevation.

Rain Forest Facts: One captive coatimundi was reported to still be alive after 17 years and 8 months. In the wild, coatis only live for about 7 to 8 years, disease and predation by large cats (jaguars and ocelots) leads to a shorter life than captivity.  Female coatimundis give birth to 2-7 young once per year.  Pregnant females will leave their group and and construct a tree nest, where after a gestation period of 10-11 weeks, they give birth to a litter of 2-7 young. When the babies are 5 weeks old, they will leave the nest, and together with their mother, they will join the group. They weigh 3.5-6.5 ounces at birth. They open their eyes after 11 days and are weaned at 4 months. They reach adult size at 15 months and are capable of reproducing at 2 years

Natural Diet: Omnivorous, the coatimundi will eat virtually anything a raccoon will eat!

Diet at Rain Forest: Prepared feline diet with fresh fruits and monkey biscuits

Size: 8-10 Pounds

Status in Wild: Not threatened, expatriated from certain parts of it's range including parts of the Southern United States.

High Resolution Pictures Available


Sugar Gliders

A social creature living in the trees of tropical Australia and surrounding islands, the sugar glider, as the name would imply, is capable of "gliding" great distances by opening a flap of skin located between the front and back legs.  Once the sugar glider leaps from a branch the flap allows controlled decent and even some horizontal travel.  The little creature is usually gliding to an adjacent tree.  Fond of sweet fruit and nectar, the sugar glider is most often seen chewing away at the bark of certain tree species to obtain the nectar found behind the bark. 

This animal is actually one of the smallest marsupials on the planet!! Baby sugar gliders are born after a very short gestation and make their way to the mothers pouch in a fashion very similar to kangaroos!

Their numbers in the wild appear to be stable in most parts of their range. 

Range: Australia & Tasmania

Natural Diet: Insects & Nectar, varies widely by season and geographical range. 

Diet at Rain Forest: Prepared glider diet with fresh fruits

RainForest Facts: In the wild sugar gliders have been known to glide for up to 150' feet between tree branches. They can actually steer their bodies in flight by using the flap of skin called a patagium. This large flap of skin extends from the 5th toe on the hands, back to the first toe on the rear feet. Sugar gliders are called possums in their native country.

Sugar Gliders as Pets

Size: 3-5 ounces

Status in Wild: Stable

High Resolution Pictures Available

 


African Hedgehog

Arguably one of the cutest faces in the animal kingdom,  the white-belly, or four-toed hedgehog, is one of several species of hedgehogs found throughout much of northern Africa and Europe. 

A solitary creature, hedgehogs, are seldom found near one another.  The female gives birth to 4-6 young after a 40-50 day gestation. 

A unique aspect of these amazing little creatures is  the hedgehogs enhanced immunity to many types of snake venom and other toxins.

Range: North Africa

Natural Diet: Omnivorous, insects and small reptiles

Diet at RainForest: Prepared zoo diet supplemented with insects

Size: Guinea pig sized mammal, most hedgehogs weigh less than 3 pounds.

Status in Wild: Declining, the hedgehog is under intense pressure from loss of habitat. A low reproductive rate contributes to the declining numbers of hedgehogs worldwide.


Mongoose (Cusimanse)

Range: Asia & Africa

Natural Diet: Small rodents, small reptiles, and insects

Diet at RainForest: Ferret Diet supplemented with mice.

Size: 2-3 pounds

RainForest Facts:  The Mongoose family has over 30 recognized species  and many more sub species.  This important predators are generally social creatures. 

Status in Wild: Threatened, loss of habitat is primary reason.  

 


Richardson's Ground Squirrel 

Range: California, USA

Natural Diet: Omnivorous, insects, fruits, and nuts

Diet at RainForest: Prepared zoo diet supplemented with insects

Size: Guinea pig sized mammal

Status in Wild: Stable, although the future is uncertain for this mammal

 

 

 

 

 


Egyptian Spiny Mice

The Egyptian Spiny Mouse is a relative of our very own house mouse right here in the United States.  There are a couple of very fundamental differences between the species; our mice in the United States have as many as 10-12 babies per clutch, the spiny mouse will only give birth to 2-4 young at a time.  Living in the desert the mouse must conserve everything, water is not as readily available to the rodents as it is in the United States, as a result the spiny mouse is much less likely to drink as much fluid, choosing instead to get moisture from the food it eats.   

Range: North Africa, Egypt

Natural Diet: Omnivorous, insects and plants

Diet at RainForest: Prepared zoo diet supplemented with insects

Size: Mouse sized mammal. 

Status in Wild: Stable

High Resolution Pictures Available

 

 

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